What is Composting?

Food and all organic wastes in the waste bin will naturally decompose, thanks to  microorganisms that help the environment by feeding on the decaying detritus.

Composting is an activity or a system which hastens the natural decay process of organic materials by creating ideal conditions for microorganisms to thrive. The result of this accelerated process is nutrient-rich soil that can help crops, plants, and trees to grow.

How to do efficient composting?

Composting efficiency is dependent on the creation of an ideal environment for the microorganisms to thrive. It needs warm temperatures, nutrients, moisture and a lot of oxygen. Mesophilic bacteria thrives in temperature of about 20 to 45 degrees Celsius. Heat is a natural by product of this process which increase the temperature to over 40 degrees C. At this stage thermophilic bacteria takes over that further breaks down the organics.  The higher temperatures are more conducive to breaking down proteins, fats and complex carbohydrates. However, the temperature, if not properly controlled, will continue rise and become so hot as to kill of all the helpful microorganisms. The temperature can be controlled by regularly turning the compost pile or by providing aeration. Temperatures below 65 degrees C are ideal for helpful microorganisms. Turning and aeration also provides the necessary oxygen for thermophilic bacteria to work and thrive.

At the end of the process when the biodegradable compounds are used up by the thermophilic bacteria, the temperature cools down low enough for the mesophilic bacteria to take over again and finish breaking down the remaining organic matter into humus that is usable by plants, and trees.

How to avoiding foul smell and slow decomposition?

There are two types of bacteria, aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic bacteria requires oxygen to thrive, it consumes organic waste and excretes chemicals such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and magnesium, which are needed by plants to survive. Anaerobic bacteria do not require oxygen, it produces hydrogen sulfide which smells like rotten eggs. Anaerobic process must be avoided, because the decomposition is slower and the stinking smell is a problem in places where people lives. Hence, it is important to supply a good amount of oxygen to ensure that the process is always aerobic.

How to do rapid composting?

To do rapid composting the following has to be done

  • good temperature control (45 to 65 degrees Celsius)
  • moisture at 40 to 60%
  • oxygen at least 5%
  • input material should be shredded as small as possible.
What composting machines do I need?

You will need the following machines:

  • Biodegradable shredder for organic food wastes – Schind CPS 1000
  • Wood Chipper / Forage Chopper for backyard waste – Shind CWC 1300
  • In-vessel rapid composter / for rapid composting – Schind IVC 1535

If you plan to pelletize your compost:

  • Hamermill to pulverize the compost – Schind HMM 300
  • Compost Pelletizer to pelletize the compost – Schind CPM 300

In-vessel Composter

Schind IVC 1535

Our In-vessel Composter is the most efficient way of composting. It works by controlling the temperature by regularly turning the compost through a timer that is controlled by the user. The turning rate is determined by the user depending on the heat of the compost pile. Oxygen is injected into the vessel by a blower which automatically turns on when the compost is turned. This removes the hot low oxygen air and injects cold high oxygen air into the compost.

Our process will maximize the rate of decomposition, and provide you with high quality compost. There is no better composter in the market today. Beware of false rapid composter claims! We can design the right composter for you. Call us now, and we will give you the best design for the amount of compost that you are planning.

The Schind IVC 1535 can produce 1 to 3 tons per week depending on the knowledge and skill of the user.